ism Frequently Asked Questions

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Early signs include limited eye contact, delayed speech development, minimal social interaction and fixations on specific interests and activities. Also potential motor movements such as hand flapping, repeating noises/words, or walking on toes. 

How is it a spectrum?
Abilities vary by person, so one individual may have more cognitive and social challenges than another person with Autism. 

What causes Autism? 
The cause of Autism is unknown. Potential genetic, environmental and neurological factors during prenatal development play a part. These are still being researched. 

What is the difference between Autism and Asperger's Syndrome?
Asperger's falls under the Autism umbrella, in which there is difficulty with maintaining eye contact and identifying and expressing facial cues. Also, specific interests and repetitive behavior patterns. 

What treatments are available for Autism?
Psychotherapy, Behavioral, Speech & Occupational therapies with comprehensive treatment plans targeting each individual's unique profile of strengths and functional abilities. These interventions will increase cognitive and social skills. 

Citation: Tsai L: Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The American Psychiatric Publishing Chapter 21:338-341, 2004

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